Advaita is a Sanskrit word that translates as “not two” or “no second.” This gives the idea that the inner Self, or Atman, is the same as the Absolute Reality, that is Brahman.
The Advaita Vedanta Indian school is regarded as offering one of the most traditional, classic routes to spiritual enlightenment and liberation. This is a non-dualism teaching that states that Brahman and Atman have a complete and essential identity linking them together.
Those interested in exploring Advaita Vedanta are directed to I Am That, a compilation of talks on Shiva Advaita (Nondualism) by Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj, a Hindu spiritual teacher who lived in Mumbai.
A swan, known as hamsa or hamsah, is often used as a symbol of Advaita Vedanta. This bird symbolises the ability to understand what is real and what is illusory.
Those practicing yoga and meditation for the purpose of achieving moksha (liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth) are reminded by Advaita Vedanta that liberation is possible in this life.