Part one of a series of films based on The Myth of Sisyphus. An essay by Albert Camus, it takes the Greek legend of Sisyphus, who is condemned by the gods to roll a boulder up a hill for eternity, as a metaphor for the individual's persistent struggle against the essential absurdity of life. According to Camus, the first step an individual must take is to accept the fact of this absurdity. If, as for Sisyphus, suicide is not a possible response, the only alternative is to rebel by rejoicing in the act of rolling the boulder up the hill, that with the joyful acceptance of the struggle against defeat, the individual gains definition and identity.