Approved: 16.08.2006

Sheena Graham-George

Archived
Approved: 16.08.2006

The Cilliní Project
The Cilliní Project started in 2009 when I was awarded a Heinrich Böll residency on Achill Island, County Mayo where I first became acquainted with the Cilliní, the un-baptised infant burial grounds also known as, lisín, ceallúnach, calluragh, and caldragh - found scattered throughout Ireland. Traditionally they were for un-baptised children,

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  • Location: Orkney, Scotland
 

Biography

The Cilliní Project The Cilliní Project started in 2009 when I was awarded a Heinrich Böll residency on Achill Island, County Mayo where I first became acquainted with the Cilliní, the un-baptised infant burial grounds also known as, lisín, ceallúnach, calluragh, and caldragh - found scattered throughout Ireland. Traditionally they were for un-baptised children, infants and stillborn babies (sometimes also used for adults and older children such as shipwreck sailors and suicides etc) as Irish Catholic doctrine of the time forbade their burial in consecrated ground. They were in use from at least late medieval times up until the mid 20th century. They are often sited within disused churches, fields, boundary lines, by sea or lakeshore, verges of roads/crossroads. These alternative burial sites were hidden from view due to public shame and fear of the unknown. Their isolated locations mirrored the place that the deceased occupied in society, on the edges, isolated. Secrecy surrounded the location of burial sites and the burial itself was performed at night or twilight in secret by the father or a male relative. The graves are often marked only by a small upright stone, sometimes just a hummock in the grass, the dead un-named. Cillini are an important part of Irish and European history but because of the secrecy and shame surrounding them they have been largely overlooked and in many places have started to be forgotten. These sites should not be forgotten and I hope that my work acts as a form of remembrance to the many thousands of babies and infants buried in these sites and for their parents.

CV & Education

Qualifications and training 2001 - MFA, Masters in Fine Art , Southern Illinois University , Carbondale, USA 1990 - PGCE, Post Graduate Certificate in Education, St. Martins College, Lancaster 1989 - BA (Hons) Fine Art, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff 1986 - Art Foundation , West Cheshire College, Chester Solo exhibitions 2011 - Lullaby, The Orkney Museum, Orkney 2011 - Scenes From a Domestic Life, Loft Gallery, Orkney 2009 - New Works, Waterfront Gallery, Stromness, Orkney 2006 - Tales From The Bird Hide, The Loft Gallery, Orkney 2002 - Sheena Graham-George , Courtyard Gallery, Isle of Man 2001 - Sheena Graham-George, University Museum, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, USA 1998 - Peter & the Bagel, Courtyard Gallery, Isle of Man Group exhibitions 2010 - Nairn Open Art Exhibition, The Court House, Nairn 2009 - Going Postal, Target Gallery, Alexandria, VA, USA 2009 - Living on an Island, Corrie Arts, Arran 2009 - Mail Art, Long Gallery, Tron Theatre, Glasgow 2009 - The Art of Communication, Gallery RFD, Swainsboro, gGeorgia, USA 2008 - CREATE, The Strond Gallery, Orkney 2007 - Mixed Christmas Show, Castle Gallery, Inverness 2007 - The Aspect Painting Prize, Paisley Museum and Art Galleries , Paisley 2006 - Glasgow Art Fair, George Square, Glasgow 2006 - Staves, Highland Park Distillery, Orkney 2004 - Photographic Still life, Inspirations Contemporary Art, London 2004 - Studio, The Orkney Museum, Tankerness House, Orkney 2003 - Journey's End , St. Mary’s Lighthouse, Whitley 2002 - Euro Celtic Art, Galerie du Fauedic, Lorient, France 2001 - Works, Gallery 400, Chicago, USA 2000 - 222.7 miles, The University of Memphis, Memphis, USA 2000 - Celtic Links, Estil & Ogilvy Gallery, Conwy, Wales 2000 - GAP 5" , Hotel Kangetsu Gallery, Nigata, Japan 2000 - Heavy Petting, Vergette Gallery , Carbondale, USA 2000 - The Glove Factory, Highwire Gallery, Philadelphia, USA 1999 - The Hospitalfield Legacy, The Meffen, Forfar Curated projects 2011 - Lullaby, The Orkney Museum, Orkney 2006 - Exquisite Corpse, The Orkney Museum, Orkney Residencies 2012 - Siamsa Tire National Folk Theatre of Ireland, Tralee, Co. Kerry, Ireland 2012 - The Custom House Studios , Westport, Co. Mayo, Ireland 2011 - The Tyrone Guthrie Centre, Co. Monaghan, Ireland 2010 - Cill Rialaig Project , Co. Kerry, Ireland 2009 - Heinrich Boll Residency, The Heinrich Boll Foundation, Achill Island, Co Mayo, Ireland 2008 - Community/Nursery/Pre-school Art Project, Hope Community School, Orkney 1999 - Flemings Fellowship, Hospitalfield House, Arbroath Public commissions 1999 - site-specific mural , Douglas Corporation, Isle of Man 1998 - series of site specific murals, Douglas Corporation, Isle of Man 1998 - site-specific mural, IOM Steam Packet & Manx Heritage, Heysham Ferry Terminal, Lancashire 1989 - mural, Cardiff City Council, Grangetown, Cardiff Competitions, prizes and awards 2012 - Hope Scott Trust Award, Scotland, £1000 2011 - Hi-Arts – Visual Artists Award , Scotland, £1000 2010 - Oppenheim John- Downes Memorial Trust, ., . 2009 - The Nick Giles Art Prize, Corrie Arts, Isle of Arran, Scotland 2008 - Hi-Arts , Visual Artists , Bursary 2007 - Visual Artists Award, Hi-Arts, £500 2006 - Visual Artists Award, Hi-Arts , £500 2003 - Creative Development Grant, Scottish Arts Council Grant , £460 1996 - First prize Painting, Singer & Friedlander, Isle of Man Site specific 2008 - CAMP II, Tankerness Gardens, The Orkney Museum 2007 - CAMP 1, Churchill Barrier #4, Orkney 2007 - Shrine, Brinkies Brae, Stromness, Orkney 2007 - White Handkerchief, Yesnaby WWII Gun Emplacement , Orkney